Can a woman with type 2 diabetes get pregnant
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Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy — but there are some things to consider to reduce possible risks and ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Be honest and discuss:. Your OB-GYN might recommend that you meet with a maternal-fetal medicine specialist MFM , a doctor that specializes in mothers with chronic health conditions or high-risk pregnancies. Your doctor might want you to implement some things before you get pregnant.
Losing weight or changing your diet can help stabilize your glucose levels before conceiving. Depending on your overall health and how well your diabetes is controlled, your doctor might recommend you wait to conceive or give you the go-ahead to try.
You should also discuss your ideal level of blood sugar control for pregnancy, which can be stricter than typical blood sugar goals. Other factors may come into play, however, including causes that could have contributed to your diabetes diagnosis. Being overweight or obese is associated with type 2 diabetes, as is having polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. Both obesity and PCOS can make it more difficult to conceive and have been linked to infertility.
Losing weight, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, and taking any necessary medications for PCOS can all help increase your chances of conceiving.
While some people can control their type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise, others take medications to help control blood sugar. Before you get pregnant, talk with your medical team or midwife to see whether you can still take them during pregnancy.
In fact, insulin is also used in women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. An MFM specialist may monitor the health of you and your baby. Eating a healthy diet is important when you have type 2 diabetes. In fact, for some people, healthy diet and exercise is enough to keep their blood sugar under control. Talk with your doctors about whether a meal plan is necessary to help you and your baby get the essential nutrients while keeping your blood sugar at appropriate levels.
They might recommend a nutritionist who specializes in working with prenatal clients. A healthy prenatal diet is similar to a healthy regular diet, incorporating a lot of different foods and taking care not to overeat.
Talk with your doctors and dietitian about expected weight gain for your pregnancy. Typically, if you begin pregnancy at a normal weight for your height, the expected weight gain is between 25 and 35 pounds. Women who are considered obese are generally suggested to gain 15 to 25 pounds. Each individual is different, and depending on your medical history, your doctors might provide you with more personalized recommendations. Having type 2 diabetes, especially uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, can put you at risk for certain complications during pregnancy.
Some of these complications can include:. Seeing your doctor regularly is important to monitor the health of you and your baby. Some of these risks include:. If you have type 2 diabetes and are thinking about becoming pregnant, talk with your obstetrician and endocrinologist.
Getting your type 2 diabetes under control before you get pregnant is important for you and your baby. Your healthcare team can help you ensure you have a healthy and safe pregnancy and birth. You may be able to manage gestational diabetes through diet and other lifestyle changes. Pregestational diabetes occurs when you have diabetes before becoming pregnant. Learn which ones you should follow for a healthy pregnancy and baby. Metformin is a prescription drug used to treat type 2 diabetes.
It can also be used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. T2D Healthline is a free app for people living with type 2 diabetes. The app is available on the AppStore and Google Play. If you have diabetes, you have a higher risk of developing heart disease. Learn about common risk factors and how to improve your heart health. Maria S. Prelipcean, a physician specializing in endocrinology and diabetes, answers questions about injections for type 2 diabetes.
Common symptoms of a GI condition include heartburn, diarrhea, and constipation. Many GI issues are caused by nerve damage from high blood sugar…. Diabetes can worsen some menopause symptoms and vice versa. For example, hot flashes make it harder to sleep. A lack of sleep can affect your blood…. Medically reviewed by Maria S.
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Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team. You should get information about how diabetes affects pregnancy and how pregnancy affects diabetes.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born.
Can You Have a Safe Pregnancy If You Have Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born. What it does mean is that you will probably have to work closely with your doctor and other healthcare professionals to ensure you manage your diabetes well during your pregnancy. Seeing your doctor for pre-pregnancy planning is an important step in ensuring the best outcome for you and your baby. You have a pre-existing condition, so you can plan ahead and discuss with your doctor what you need to do before you become pregnant, and what you can do to manage your diabetes during pregnancy.
Have a Safe Pregnancy With Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy — but there are some things to consider to reduce possible risks and ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Be honest and discuss:.
This next section is for women who wish to become pregnant, or are already pregnant, and are living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. You can have a healthy baby if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The key is to obtain optimal blood glucose levels before and during pregnancy. This will require more work on your part but every new mother we've talked to says it's worth it!
Pregnancy in Women with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.
If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes. Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. If you develop diabetes for the first time while you are pregnant, you have gestational diabetes. High blood glucose levels can be harmful during this early stage and can increase the chance that your baby will have birth defects, such as heart defects or defects of the brain or spine.
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Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how. If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might worry about possible risks. To put your mind at ease, start preparing. Managing your blood sugar levels and making healthy lifestyle choices before pregnancy is good for your health and can give your baby a healthier start too. Managing your blood sugar is key for avoiding diabetes complications.
Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin. Daily medication insulin is therefore needed to control blood sugar levels.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body can't make enough insulin, or can't use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone. This leads to high blood sugar hyperglycemia. High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body.
In fact, with the right medical help and diligent self-care, you have about the same excellent chances of having a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby as any other expectant mom. The key to managing type 2 diabetes during pregnancy? Achieving normal blood glucose levels six months before conception and maintaining those levels throughout the nine months following it.
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